Le « l » de son prénom ayant disparu quelques années plus tard à la suite d’une erreur administrative, il adopte complètement ce nouveau prénom de Wifredo. C’est là qu’il passe son enfance, dans un environnement mêlant plusieurs civilisations et croyances : le catholicisme cubain auquel appartient sa mère qui le fait baptiser lorsqu'il a 5 ans; le culte des ancêtres pratiqué par son père ; et les traditions africaines, liées à la santeria, que lui apprend sa marraine, Antonica Wilson, dite Mantonica, une prêtresse très renommée de ce rite. Lam's Afro-Cuban ancestry, coupled with his sympathy towards the poor, underrepresented and oppressed inspired him to depict typically dark, emotionally intense images of … Le Repos du modèle [Nu], 1938. Il apprend auprès d’elle les rudiments du culte et de ses mystères, sans jamais être initié. - Wifredo Lam. Sagua La Grande est une petite ville sur la côte nord, centre sucrier de la Province de Las Villas. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. » Wifredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla naquit l'année de la proclamation de la république, après plus de trois siècles de domination espagnole. La Vieja del rosario, 1927. A participant in the Modern Art movement, Lam studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain after leaving his native Havana. Comment: This painting is the one to which Alejo Carpentier refers as a key for seeing and understanding what lo real maravilloso (Magical Realism?) This painting is in the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York City. Wifredo Lam est né le 8 décembre 1902 à Sagua La Grande dans une région sucrière de Cuba. Wifredo Lam lived in the XX cent., a remarkable figure of Cuban Surrealism. Elle lui ouvre un monde peuplé d’esprits et d’invisibles. Autoportrait circa 1923 Huile sur toile 24 x 21,3 cm (9 1/2 x 8 3/8 in.) Lam’s Cuban paintings of the 1940s are much bigger than his earlier works and infinitely more original. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Paintings from the 30's. Nu, 1926. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. » Il a inventé un langage propre, unique et original, pour « défendre la dignité de la vie[2]. Wifredo Lam. Description: WIFREDO LAM (1902-1982) ... Lam began producing paintings that were dominated by hybridized human-animal-vegetal figures, and produced his most famous work, The Jungle (1943), which depicted four grotesque figures with mask-like faces emerging from dense vegetation. Wifredo Lam savait qu'il n'y a pas de jungle à Cuba, mais la manigua (maquis dense et épineux). Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. During the 1930s Lam was exposed to a variety of influences. Wifredo est le huitième et dernier enfant d'un couple aux origines fort différentes et d'une grande différence d'âge. In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. Il s'installe définitivement à Cuba, dans la ville de Sagua la Grande où il tient commerce et, homme lettré connaissant de nombreux dialectes cantonais, exerce la profession d'écrivain public pour les émigrants chinois. « Lam, c’est aussi l’âme de ce temps dans son combat pour la justice, pour la libération des réalités longtemps opprimée[1]. In 1923 Lam began studying in Madrid under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Zaragoza, the curator of the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. In 1916 Lam moved to Havana to study law, a path that his family had thrust upon him. is. Proche de Picasso, des surréalistes qui le reconnaissent comme l’un des leurs, il côtoiera également les Imaginistes, Phases, CoBrA. In Light of the Forest (1942), a naked, masked … Wifredo Lam est un artiste cubain surtout connu pour son esthétique surréaliste unique qui mêle mouvements artistiques européens et imagerie de son pays natal. Find more works of this artist at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Mar 18, 2018 - The internationally renowned Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) was a precursor of a cross-cultural style of painting, infusing Western modernism with African and Caribbean symbolism. Manolo gave Lam the letter of introduction that sparked his friendship with Picasso, whose artwork had impressed and inspired Lam a year before when he saw an exhibition in Madrid. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Jeunesse et formation du peintre cubain. Lam fréquente une école publique dans un quartier populaire de sa ville natale et c'est dès l’âge de sept ans que naît sa vocation d’artiste et qu’il se passionne pour le dessin. Wifredo Lam était un artiste d'origine cubaine qui a atteint la renommée pour son travail en tant que peintre. Autoportrait, 1923. Back in Cuba, Lam reconnected with his family and the culture he had been born into. Drafted to defend Madrid, Lam was incapacitated during the fighting in late 1937 and was sent to Barcelona. La guerra civil, 1937. Ceci fait partie de l'article Wikipédia utilisé sous licence CC-BY-SA. He was of mixed-race ancestry: his father, Yam Lam, was a Chinese immigrant and his mother, the former Ana Serafina Castilla, was born to a Congolese former slave mother and a Cuban mulatto father. From 1918 to 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes. close. Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. He left for Madrid in the autumn of 1923 to further his art studies. De 1918 à 1923, Lam est inscrit à l’Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro (es). Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Throughout Lam's travels through the Spanish countryside, he developed empathy for the Spanish peasants, whose troubles in some ways mirrored those of the former slaves he grew up around in Cuba. C'est à l'âge de 21 ans qu'il prend la nationalité cubaine, étant jusqu'alors chinois par sa filiation, expliquant peu après qu'il s'est toujours senti avant tout cubain plutôt que chinois. Oil On Canvas Vintage Art Artist Art Cuban Art Visual Artist Western Art African Art Painting. Overlapping bodies and limbs make it difficult to distinguish the figures and their attributes. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (林飛龍) was born on December 8, 1902 in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, to parents of Cuban, Congolese and Chinese ancestry. The influence of Surrealism was discernible in his work, as well as that of Henri Matisse. Through his godmother, Matonica Wilson, a Santería priestess locally celebrated as a healer and sorceress, he was exposed to rites of the African orishas. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. ‘My Painting is an Act of Decolonization’ an Interview with Wifredo Lam by Gerardo Mosquera (1980), p.3. Miami Biennale Wifredo Lam . Son épouse lui survit jusqu'en 1944. In 1929 he married Eva Piriz, but both she and their young son died in 1931 of tuberculosis; it is likely that this personal tragedy contributed to the dark nature of his work. Expert Cuban school painting authentification services Cuban, 1902–1982. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. However, Lam disliked both academic teaching and painting. After graduating from Havana’s Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro, he won a scholarship in 1923 to study at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he stayed until 1938, when he moved to Paris. La Jungla [La Jungle] [The Jungle] 1943 Huile sur papier marouflé 239,4 x 229,9 cm (94 1/4 x 90 1/2 in.) Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. In 1923, Lam moved to Spain, where he remained until the late 1930s. 21 oct. 2017 - Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. The retrospective on Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande, 1902 – Paris, 1982), organised by the Centre Pompidou, Museo Reina Sofía and Tate Modern, acknowledges the common desire to consider modernity in all its complexity and endeavours to redefine Lam’s work inside a history of international art in which he stands as a key figure. Le texte intégral de l'article est ici →, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wifredo_Lam. 44 - Quetzal) 1975" Follow Artist Add to Watchlist Limited Edition Print: Lithograph on Paper Executed on 20 August 1942 Wifredo Lam was born and raised in Sagua La Grande, a village in the sugar farming province of Villa Clara, Cuba. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Sa mère, Ana Serafina Castilla, née en 1862, est une mulâtresse descendant d’Espagnols et de Noirs du Congo déportés. Madame Lumumba, 1938 . This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). There he met Helena Holzer, a German researcher, and the Catalan artist known as Manolo Hugué. Wifredo Lam (1902-82), whose work is the focus of a handsome and long overdue survey at the Museum of Latin American Art in Long Beach, is typically acknowledged for his painterly fusion of … Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) Je suis huile sur toile 124.2 x 109.5 cm. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) Femme assise signé et daté 'Wifredo Lam 20.8.42' (en bas à droite) gouache et pastel sur papier marouflé sur toile 101.2 x 76.7 cm. Composición, I, 1930. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. We are presented with three imposing anthropomorphic figures that stand and confront the viewer curiously. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he sided with the Republicans and used his talent to fashion Republican posters and propaganda. Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. Wifredo Lam "Untitled (No. Il abandonne des études de droit pour suivre une formation artistique et devenir portraitiste. … Simultaneously he also began studying tropical plants at the Botanical Gardens. Nature morte, 1938. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. Wifredo Lam - 28 artworks - painting. A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. Wifredo s'exerce au dessin et à la peinture dans les jardins botaniques de la ville. Peint en 1949. oil on canvas 48 7/8 x 43 1/8 in. Il est l’élève des peintres Leopoldo Romañach et Armando Menocal. The full text of the article is here →. Il s’intéresse très tôt aux œuvres de Léonard de Vinci, Velasquez, Goya mais aussi de Paul Gauguin ou Eugène Delacroix. Mère et enfant, II, 1939 [Visage cubiste], 1939. close. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Painted in 1949. » Lam poursuit le même combat que le poète martiniquais Aimé Césaire, « peindre le drame de son pays, la cause et l’esprit des Noirs. In 1923, Lam … Un participant au mouvement de l'art moderne, Lam a étudié à l'Escuela de Bellas Artes à Madrid en Espagne, après avoir quitté sa ville natale La Havane. Opened in 1983, the Wifredo Lam Center for Contemporary Art (in Spanish: Centro de Arte Contemporáneo Wifredo Lam) is a state-run gallery in tribute to Lam and located in Havana, Cuba. En 1916, Wifredo et une partie de la famille s'installent à La Havane tandis que son père, déjà très âgé, reste à la campagne. De mère métisse, aux origines hispano-congolaises, et de père chinois immigré à Cuba, Wifredo Lam grandit dans une famille modeste et ouverte d’esprit : son père qui tient un petit commerce, est un homme lettré qui maîtrise la calligraphie. Wilfredo Lam - Art authentication research and investigation experts.- La autenticación, del arte, dibujos y pinturas de Wilfredo Lam - Identification of fakes, forgeries and misattributions . 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