Want to know where you can study animal law in the United Kingdom? The RSPCA are a charitable organisation and they do not have any specialist powers or powers similar to the police so any prosecutions they bring are considered a private prosecution. Three licences are required before testing on animals takes place: In 2019, 3,325,708 animals suffered in 3,401,517  experiments in Great Britain. Animal Law is a small but burgeoning field. We have a wealth of online resources for people interested in animal law, including a comprehensive reading list with suggested text books and articles, information about sources of animal law, where to study animal law, external training events and much more. ASPA 2012 has enshrined the principles of the 3Rs – the replacement, reduction and refinement of the use of animals in research – into UK Law. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is the UK's leading animal law charity. Substantially similar legislation is in place for the rest of the UK; the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 and … At Animal Free Research UK, we believe that experiments on animals are ethically unjustified and that pioneering animal free research provides the best chance of finding treatments for human diseases. This came into force on 1 January 2013 after the original 1986 Act was revised to include new regulations specified by the European Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. The Secretary of State must exercise his or her functions under this Act with a view to ensuring compliance with the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement. This equates to one inspector per 159,890 animals used in research. Visit our Courses page to find out. Animal law refers to the body of legislation, regulations and case law concerning the welfare and protection of animals. Please join us or donate and support our work. Multi-Award winning Coloured Pencil Artist & Tutor. Through our work, we (a) increase the legal capacity of the animal protection community to be better able to use the law to protect animals, and (b) increase the depth of understanding of animal law within the UK legal community, which helps make law and justice in the UK more effective in protecting animals. At Animal Free Research UK, we define the term ‘animal’ as including all organisms of the Kingdom Animalia (excluding humans). Find out about our thriving Student Group and how A-law and academics work together. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The Animal Defenders Office is an Australian community legal centre focusing on animal law. This means it is unclear how often AWERBs reject a proposed project on the basis that the harm to animals outweighs any potential benefit to humans. Registered Office: 27 Old Gloucester Street, London, WC1N 3AX, /* ----------------------------------------- */ This definition is used within the UK and European Union. /* ----------------------------------------- */. This is the primary mechanism for wildlife protection in Britain. In 2018, 31.9% of experiments on animals were judged by the researchers to cause the animals moderate or severe suffering. Instead we tend to use the words ‘test’ or ‘experiment’. We may also consider your application if you have a degree in social science, ethics or law, or if you are an experienced veterinary nurse; please contact the programme team to … The use of animals in research in England, Scotland and Wales is regulated by the Home Office, and in Northern Ireland by the Department for Health, Social Security and Public Safety. It requires any person keeping a pet shop to be licensed by the local council. /* ----------------------------------------- */ We want to stimulate discussion about the philosophies underpinning laws that protect animal interests. We rely upon membership income and donations. We want to see the Government do much more to proactively accelerate the growth of new approach methodologies that replace the use of animals. 3.1K likes. (2) In particular, the Secretary of State must—. /* ----------------------------------------- */ The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA) regulates the conditions under which animal testing can occur in the UK. The UK farming industry currently receives over €3 billion in EU subsidies and the UK Government will now be exploring a new support system for farms. Certification: After completing seven years of formal education, lawyers must pass the bar examination to be eligible to practice in their state. At Animal Free Research UK, we find the word ‘procedure’ to be sometimes unhelpful as it can conceal the experience of the individual animals used. The UK will soon have its first animal protection law firm. Read back copies and subscribe to A-law's publication,  The UK Journal of Animal Law and its sister publication for students and academics, Animal Justice UK. Compliance Notices simply set out actions that must be taken to ensure the breach does not continue or is not repeated. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law). Instead we set out our position so that we are transparent about our views. Find out how the legislation protects wildlife, pets as well as farm and laboratory animals. Find out how A-law can help and support animal welfare charities and NGOs. A UK 2:1 honours degree, or its international equivalent, in animal science, biology, psychology, zoology or veterinary science. We do this through publications, including The UK Journal of Animal Law, training seminars, conferences and online resources and through contributing strategic legal assistance in support of animal protection group projects. Read our Brexit Manifesto for Animals, produced in conjunction with WCL and over 40 animal protection charities. Instead, we believe the use of all animals should be replaced by ethical, scientifically superior new approach methodologies which can better predict human responses and do not involve animal suffering. The first modern animal protection laws are passed in Ireland and the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The UK government has publicly stated that animals are sentient beings, not merely commodities, and has confirmed its commitment to the highest … Severity assessments only acknowledge the suffering caused to an animal during an experiment. It publishes The UK Journal of Animal Law bi-annually and has a thriving Student Group. In the UK we are unique as an organisation, focusing on promoting knowledge and understanding - both amongst lawyers, universities, animal protection groups and the wider public - about animal protection laws in the UK and elsewhere around the world. Most allegations of animal abuse are brought by the RSPCA under the Animal Welfare Act 2006. Much of the law and practice concerning animal welfare is contained in the Animal Welfare Act 2006. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is a charity which brings together lawyers and other people interested in animal protection law to share experience and to harness that expertise for the benefit of animals, by securing more comprehensive and effective laws and better enforcement of existing animal protection laws. It encompasses companion animals and wildlife and animals used in entertainment, research and ones raised for food.. Electric shock collars use pain and fear to train or control dogs. This is defined in Section 2A of ASPA 2012: This means that when a scientist applies for a licence to conduct animal experiments, they must explain why there is no scientifically satisfactory non-animal methodology that can be used instead of an animal experiment. Travel to Cambridge and accommodation costs in Cambridge will be covered by the Centre. Back in 2007 the Animal Welfare Act came into force in … In reality, the choice made is between an actual harm to animals versus a hypothetical good for humans. A UK 2:1 honours degree, or its international equivalent, in animal science, biology, psychology, zoology or veterinary science. This includes promoting discussion about academic theories about animal law at undergraduate and post graduate levels. Whilst ASRU publishes the number of new licenses it approves each year, it does not make public how many applications it turns down. The Law requires the Government to do what it can to ensure that scientific methods and testing strategies which do not use protected animals are used and developed instead of similar methods that continue to use protected animals. Establishments typically review harm-benefit analyses internally at animal welfare and ethical review bodies (AWERBs) before their project licenses are sent to ASRU for approval. Search . The Animal Welfare Act 2006 (‘the Act’), which came into force in April 2007, is the starting point in respect of the legal protection of vertebrate animals in England and Wales. c/o Clair Matthews We explain them here so that members of the public can be better informed about the law – but that does not mean we endorse their use or the rationale behind them. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Animal law courses are now taught at most major law schools, including Harvard, Stanford, Northwestern, Duke, Georgetown, NYU, and UCLA. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is a charity which brings together lawyers and other people interested in animal protection law to share experience and to harness that expertise for the benefit of animals, by securing more comprehensive and effective laws and better enforcement of … ‘Protected animals’ are not protected from being used in research, but rather their use is regulated under ASPA, whilst other animals are not afforded any legal protection. The EU has some of world's highest animal welfare standards. The legislation requires owners to do all that is reasonable to provide for the welfare of animals in their care. You can find a more detailed summary of animal welfare laws in the UK before and after Brexit in Brexit - getting the best for animals (PDF 4.24MB). Visit our resources page to find out more, as well as reading more about us and how we work with our team of legal volunteers. The wording in ASPA 2012 reads: With the exception of clause (4), the aim of these regulations is to develop and promote alternatives at a Governmental level, not just at a scientific level. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We rely upon membership income and donations. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law). On this episode of the Animal Law Podcast, I welcome Laura Fox, Staff Attorney for Farm Animal Protection at The Humane Society of the United States, to talk about the 4th Circuit's decision in McKiver v Murphy Brown, which has created quite a stir in the animal law world. Animal Art by Lisa Ann Watkins (LAW). Additional legislation is in place to address animals outside the scope of the Act, namely animals used in research and the majority of wild living animals [see related statutes]. 1 & 2 Raymond Buildings The UK Centre for Animal Law welcomes you to our second Bitesize Animal Law Series: Animals, Social Justice and Interconnectedness.This basic animal law series will introduce you to different areas of animals, social justice and their interconnectedness, such as international mechanisms for reporting wildlife crime and human rights complaints, to ecocide and the protection of animal habitats. Tail docking. London, WC1R 5NR. Monckton Chambers Animal law is directly concerned with the way in which nonhuman animal interests are taken into account across a range of uses, including farming, research, sport, entertainment and companionship and in our interaction with them in the wild. We only support and fund replacement research. 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